Migraine headache is more than just a headache – know all about it!

Having a headache is a common issue that many people suffer from. But, most of them consider their headaches to be “just a headache”. Though it is quite likely that the headache is caused by tension, stress or even by an inflamed sinus, there are chances that the cause of your headache is something more complex. One of the most complex headache types is migraine headache.

The reason why most migraine sufferers fail to accept their condition to be migraine is due to their lack of knowledge regarding what this sort of headache is all about. However, identification of the type of pain that you are suffering from is a very important factor, as it will direct you towards the right treatment. The best choice, in that case, is to see a doctor. A doctor will always be able to identify your condition, the type of pain – if it is migraine or not and thereby, offer the right treatment.

Know what migraine is:

Although it is best to see a doctor to identify your headache type, in certain cases you must come to a realization that your headache is not a mere headache. For that you should know a little about migraine.

Migraine headache is a throbbing and pulsating sensation that usually is concentrated to only one side of the head. The migraine attacks can occur at any time of the day, at any frequency and last for hours to a few days. Each attack is extremely severe and serious and often unbearable and disabling. Sufferers fail to do their daily tasks at times.

There are some, who get warning signs like aura, which are neurological symptoms associated with sensory, motor and verbal disturbances. However, it is not a compulsory warning sign for every migraine sufferer. In fact, even the children are not spared. Research studies report that most of the migraine sufferers have had their first attack before the age of 12.

Identifying migraine:

Now that you have known about what migraine is, you must identify your condition. Whether yours is a migraine headache or not, can be roughly identified by its symptoms. The usual symptoms are –

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Mood swings
  • Diarrhea or constipation
  • Craving for any specific type of food
  • Increased urge to urinate
  • Increased thirst

Those, who get auras, will experience temporary loss of vision, see flashes of lights or even blind spots. Moving legs and arms can be difficult, and they might feel a prickling sensation as if needles or pins are being poked. Speaking and hearing difficulties and also uncontrolled jerks are common to many. These auras may last for 20 to 60 minutes and occur during the onset of attack.

Why do you get migraines?

The exact cause of migraine headache is not clearly known to doctors and scientists. But they often associate its root with chemical imbalances in the brain. But of course, there are certain factors that can trigger this condition and these triggers can easily be identified in almost all cases. The usual triggers are –

  • Hormonal changes
  • Certain foods like aged cheese, salty foods, foods with MSG and preserved foods
  • Changes in sleeping pattern
  • Skipping meals
  • Stress
  • Drinking too much
  • Certain medicines
  • Environmental changes.

Which triggers are prominent for you or if there are triggers apart from these common ones, they can be identified by maintaining a migraine diary. Seeing a doctor will help you to find the triggers for you.

Immediate care:

Though you need to see a doctor to seek the best treatment, you can always practice some mild exercises to relieve off stress. Doing meditation, and a few other therapies may help in managing the pain. But, before you take any medicine, always consult a doctor. Keep your migraine at bay!