The prostate is a walnut shaped gland in the male reproductive system is common knowledge. There are a variety of health issues that afflict this organ. Inflammation and enlarged prostate gland are the issues related to prostate gland. Cancer of the prostate or growth of tumors inside the prostate is also a health concern on the rise. However, there are chances that symptoms of an enlarged prostate gland can get confused with that of cancer, when there is actually no cancer.
Cancer is a disease that is treatable. So it is the responsibility of people as citizens to participate in awareness drives the government sets up for public health. There isn’t any need to go into panic mode if you or any of your loved ones get diagnosed with prostate cancer. Instead, try and be positive about it since there are treatments available now, as opposed to a decade back.
Read on to find out about the treatment options that are available for curing prostate cancer and the symptoms to look out for
Some of the significant symptoms to look out for in terms of whether or not prostate cancer is there are given below:
- Passing urine- Men experience difficulty in passing urine and may also experience an increased urge to urinate which is a sign for an early stage of prostate cancer.
- Stiffness- Pain in back, lower abdomen and hips at the slightest movement, is a sign of inflammation in prostate. And is a sign suggesting an advanced stage of prostate cancer.
- Sudden weight loss- Weight loss that happened in men in 50s without any rhyme or reason could most certainly spell prostate cancer that advanced to a higher stage.
- Open Prostatectomy- It is a single incision surgery for removal of prostate. Meaning, a single incision is used for operating on the prostate. The incision is made in the area between the pubis and belly button after the spinal or epidural anesthesia is given. Once the area of tumor or location of tumor is visible it is dissected using scissors. Care is taken not to cut the adjacent muscle tissues. The incision is then stitched back.
- Laproscopic Radical Prostatectomy – This surgical option is the treatment method when prostate cancer is in the first stage. In this surgical type, multiple incisions are used for accessing the prostate gland. These multiple incisions are then used for inserting a video camera for visualizing the prostate and the remaining ones for surgical instruments for taking the organ out. A urinary catheter is inserted inside which remains there for a few days ahead.
- Ablation therapy– Ablation Therapy is used when the prostate cancer is not in an advanced stage or when it is in the initial stages. High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU) is a type of ablative treatment is useful for men suffering from prostate cancer that has not spread outside of prostate. A special probe is introduced inside the rectum to access the prostate. The probe contains high-frequency ultrasound. The heat produced by this probe then kills cancerous areas in the prostate.
- Radiation Therapy– Radiation Therapy or Radiotherapy is used as a treatment method for those men whose prostate cancer has progressed to stage II. It is also used for patients whose cancer has spread to other organs from prostate. Brachytherapy or internal radiation delivers high intensity radiation through electrodes placed next to the tumors. Whereas, the external method resorts to providing radiation to the tumor from outside through machinery.
- Cryosurgery– Cryosurgery works on the principle of exposure of freezing cold temperature to destroy the tumor without harming the surrounding organs. It is a least invasive procedure as it is does not require any incisions to be made in the prostate or any surrounding regions for access.
- Transurethral Resection of Prostate (TURP)- a TURP surgery is useful in cancerous parts existing in the prostate, so that passage of urine becomes easier. During the surgery, a resectoscope is inserted through the penis into the urethra. Through it, affected pieces of prostate are scraped away.
- Non-surgical methods-
- Green Tea- green tea has polyphenols that are compounds that control the growth of prostate tumors. Studies show that green tea has Epigallocatechin-3-Gallate (EGCG) that have the ability to curb growth of tumors in prostate.
- Omega-3 – Omega 3 is contained in fatty fish like sardines, tuna, salmon and herrings. The fats contained in these fish have the ability to reduce mortality due to prostate cancer. Flaxseed also contains omega 3 in abundant proportions. It has anti-inflammatory properties which are directly responsible for reducing inflammation in prostate and reducing spread of prostate cancer to the other parts.
- Lycopene- Lycopene is an antioxidant that is identifiable in red-colored fruits and vegetables. This antioxidant helps in slowing the growth of tumors in prostate.
- Soy products- soy and soy based products are known to lower PSA levels in men suffering from prostate cancer. A diet high on soy can also prevent development of cancer. Consumption of soy products reduces risk of men getting prostate cancer
- Active Surveillance- The purpose of active surveillance is to avoid all probability of surgery in patients suffering from prostate cancer. The progression of the tumor is tracked through biopsies, digital rectal examinations and MRI Scans, albeit only in people suffering from low-risk prostate cancer. That waiting period is helpful for the doctor to decide whether surgery is necessary or not.
Cancer is a tough battle to crack. But the ordeal that patients and families have to go through is considerably reduced due to the advancements in science.
Author Bio – My name is Puja Rastogi I am professional medical content writer writing an articles on health for http://www.healthprice.in/ from last three years.