Today, we all are aware of this medical term “Diabetes” but still there are many people who are not aware that what it is, and what are the causes of Diabetes. It has been observed that there are approximately 642 million people who have diagnosed with diabetes. In 2015-2016, it has been discerned that 5. 0 million people died, which means that in every 6 seconds, 1 person dies from diabetes. And these numbers are continuously increasing.
Foremost, one should be aware that What Is Diabetes?
‘Diabetes’ or ‘Diabetes Mellitus’ is the most complex condition which affects the whole body and it gets diagnosed when the pancreas is no longer making insulin, and in result huge quantity of glucose gets broken down in the blood. Basically, Insulin is a hormone made by the pancreas, and that allows the glucose to pass from our food we eat through our blood stream into the cells to produce energy.
Our body requires insulin to transform glucose into energy and there are three cases when our body is not able to generate enough energy.
Type 1 Diabetes: It happens when the pancreas doesn’t produce insulin.
Type 2 Diabetes: It happens when the pancreas doesn’t produce required insulin or the insulin doesn’t get processed appropriately.
Gestational Diabetes: It happens when the insulin is less effective during pregnancy.
Type 1 Diabetes:
Type 1 Diabetes is basically an autoimmune condition where the body’s defense system attacks the cells that produce insulin. This diabetes can occur to any age group but, usually, it has been found in children or in young age group. It is a condition where the insulin is producing pancreatic cells but that cells get destroyed at a certain level and due to this our body gets unable to produce enough insulin. Then, it becomes essential for the diabetic patient to create artificial input of insulin through injections, pumps, or medicines. Unfortunately, till now there is no cure found in the medical world. So, people those have been diagnosed with type 1 diabetes, has to inject the insulin for the rest of their lives and in case if they don’t inject on time then they can die.
Factors of Type 1 Diabetes:
Age- Between 4-7 years & 10-14 years old.
Symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes:
There are several reasons of Type 1 Diabetes and can be recognised quickly:
More Thirst Than Usual
Feel Tired and lethargic
Skin Infections or Itching
Passing More Urine
Blurred Eye Vision
Wound Heal Slowly
Nausea and Vomiting
Treatment of Type 1 Diabetes:
Insulin Injections: Insulin injections are mandatory for Type 1 diabetic patients because tablets get broken into the stomach and will be unable to reach the bloodstream like food. Get all the appropriate information about injecting insulin from your doctor.
Insulin Pump Therapy: Insulin Pump Therapy is an alternative of Insulin Injections. The pump consists of an insulin and allows the insulin to continuously flow into your bloodstream. Although, one needs to monitor the blood glucose levels to ensure that you are receiving the right amount of insulin or not. However, this therapy can be given to the children, adults, and teenagers under the medical supervision.
Monitor Blood Glucose: Monitoring blood glucose means that your diabetes care team will monitor your blood glucose level after every two or six months. This will update that how stable glucose levels are and how well your treatment plan is working.
Physical Activity: Type 1 diabetic patients are required to keep themselves physically fit and healthy. And for this, they need to make the physical activity as a part of their daily routine. Flexibility and strength training exercises lower the blood sugar level and make you more active.
Type 2 Diabetes:
Type 2 Diabetes is the most common form of diabetes which is found in 90% of cases and is a non-insulin dependent diabetes. It gets characterized when the insulin-producing pancreatic cells in the body are unable to produce required insulin according to the desired level of glucose in the blood stream. It is a form of diabetes which sometimes takes loads of years to get detected.
Factors of Type 2 Diabetes:
Family history of diabetes
High Blood Pressure
Impaired Glucose Tolerance (IGT)
Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes:
Fatigue and Weakness
Increase Thirst and Hunger
Risk of Alzheimer’s Disease
Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes:
Healthy Eating: There is no specific diet chart for the diabetic patient but it is important to include the high-fibre food in your diet and need to reduce the low-fat foods. A diabetic patient should not keep their stomach empty for long and according to the medication, one should eat after every 2 hours and should consume fruits, grains or vegetables.
Physical Activity: It is essential that a diabetic patient should be physically active. It is mandatory that one should go for minimum 30-minute exercise. One can choose several activities like aerobics, swimming, walking, cycling, yoga or jogging, will help in controlling blood sugar more effectively.
Medication and Insulin Therapy: Medication and Insulin Therapy completely depends on the blood sugar level and other health problems. Usually, doctors recommend the combination of drugs from different classes to control the sugar level. Thus, there are many diabetic patients who requires the insulin therapy but, this completely depends on the condition of the patient.
Gestational Diabetes is the most critical position and this occurs when a pregnant woman has high level of glucose in her blood. Although, diabetes is common during pregnancy but this happens when the mother is not able to produce enough insulin and a pregnant woman requires two to three times more insulin than normally required. Whereas, it is temporary diabetes which gets disappeared after pregnancy. But, if women suffer from gestational diabetes, then there might be a risk of developing type 2 diabetes in future. So, it should get checked every year.
Factors of Gestational Diabetes:
Family History of Type 2 Diabetes
Age above 25
Previously given birth to large baby
Symptoms of Gestational Diabetes:
Usually, Gestational Diabetes doesn’t consist of any symptoms but some women’s may develop symptoms if their blood glucose levels are high, like:
Weakness and Tiredness
Excess Urine Pass Than Usual
Treatment of Gestational Diabetes:
Special Meal Plans: During Gestational Diabetes, a pregnant woman is referred to consult a dietitian, who can provide a complete diet chart. Usually, it is advised that they should consume three meals a day consists of starchy food by avoiding sugary food and drinks.
Scheduled Physical Activity: Proper plan should be made which includes only safe exercise ways during pregnancy. It is recommended by the physician that pregnant women should aim to exercise for at least 150 minutes a week.
Blood Glucose Testing: Testing of Blood Glucose level will let you update about your glucose levels. Thus, women with Gestational Diabetes are advised to take the test before breakfast and also after one hour ago of each meal.
Insulin Injections: Always advised to take the recommended insulin injections which will control the blood sugar level and protect you from the side-effects.
Medication: Medication is offered by your doctor when your blood sugar level is not under control after changing your diet and working out regularly. The sugar level increases as your pregnancy stage increases, so a woman has to take the desired medication to control the sugar level.
Monitoring Your Pregnancy: Gestational Diabetes can be a risk for your baby, so it advised to go for regular ultrasound scan after every 18 weeks or early if required.
Prevention Tips of Diabetes:
Make few changes to your lifestyle can lower the chance of developing diabetes. Also, these some changes to your life will help in lowering the risk of heart disease and cancer. These are some of the simple steps to prevent or lower the risk of diabetes:
Weight Control: Being an overweight increases the 75% of more chance to develop diabetes than someone with a healthy weight. Losing your weight will automatically lower the chance of diabetes.
Be more active: Inactivity is the biggest reason to make you diabetic. More exercise and appropriate work out will make you more active and reduces the stress with the ability to use insulin and absorb glucose.
Dietary Changes: Choose to eat whole grain products processed with carbohydrates. Try to avoid sugary drinks and drink loads of water instead. However, fat is also mandatory for our body, so try to eat good fat instead of bad fat.
Quit Smoking: Smoking is one of the another reason of making you diabetic. There is 50% more chance of developing diabetes to a smoker instead of a non-smoker. So, avoid smoking to reduce the risk of diabetes.
Educate yourself by helping yourself and your family. Diabetes is one of the biggest reason for underlying the reason of death. There are approximate, 35% to 45% people died every year because of diabetes which costs a huge loss to family in terms of member and money. So, break this monotony and live a healthier life.
Lisa Wilson is a Content Writer of Southland Medical Centre. She is a specialized in sharing her views about health care and fitness, by updating people that how they can improve their health by taking appropriate precautions on or before time. Although, she does research before writing, to provide the useful information to her readers.