Hair transplant has gained much popularity over last few years owing to the increase in cases of hair loss. The most common cause is the androgenic alopecia. The problem of hair loss not cause cosmetic appearance issues but also affects the social and the psychological aspect of one’s life.
The procedure conceptually is very simple but require lot of experience and knowledge to provide the result, which is natural looking. Hair follicles are transplanted from the donor area to the recipient area, which means it is the redistribution of the existing natural hair follicles.
Hair transplant is categorized into two types on the basis of the technique used for the extraction of hair follicle from the donor area.
Types of Hair Transplant are:
1) FUE Hair Transplant
2) FUT Hair Transplant
FUE hair transplant is the procedure that involves the one by one extraction of hair follicles using micro punches from the donor area and transplanting them to the recipient area. Whereas in FUT Hair Transplant, a whole strip containing the hair follicles are extracted from donor area and then they dissected into individual follicular units which then placed on the recipient area.
There is nothing denying the fact that both of the techniques give good results
FUE is the preferred method with so many advantages. The results look more natural using FUE. In this technique, very tiny holes are left during the extraction of the hair follicles, which heals within next few days of the procedure.
Let us now discuss the FUE Hair transplant procedure.
After the doctor’s consultation and examination of the scalp, the decision is made whether the Hair transplant is required or not. Proper counseling is done with emphasis on number of grafts to be transplanted and the realistic expectation after the procedure. Hair line drawing is done and shown to patient.
Patient is asked to get some pre-operative blood investigations done.
On the day of surgery, final counseling is given to the patient along with the clear picture of the area of the head where the transplant will happen. Consent from the patient is taken before the procedure.
During the procedure, the hairs are generally made shorter for an ease of surgery. The procedural time totally depends on the number of grafts to be transplanted. However, the patient can take short breaks during the procedure or can watch TV, read something or listen to music while the procedure is on.
Local Anesthesia is infiltrated into the scalp to make the scalp numb. Every possible precaution and measure is taken so as to assure the maximum comfort to the patient.
During the procedure, small slits are made in the recipient area in such a way that the result gives the natural look. By micro punches, the grafts are extracted from the donor area in such a way that graft transaction is minimum. The extracted hair is then transplanted to the slits made in the recipient area with much care. Every precaution is taken so that graft viability is not compromised.
The antiseptic bandage is done over the scalp after the procedure so as to avoid any infection due to outside dust or dirt, which is removed on the next day.
The expert instructs the dos and don’ts after the hair transplant surgery. Every possible precaution has to be taken with full caution by the patient after surgery for obtaining desired results.
Worried about if you are a good candidate for hair transplant?
Following are the factors that have to be considered before deciding whether you are good candidate for hair transplant or not:
1) If the patient is having a male pattern baldness of Norwood stage 2 or more.
2) If the patient desires short haired look.
3) If repair/correction/covering (of scars or injury) of earlier procedure/surgery is required.
4) If the patient has tight scalp.
5) If the body hairs are also to be used when scalp donor is not sufficient
One should know the advantages of FUE hair transplant. They are:
1) No incision so no stitches.
2) No linear scar.
3) Less discomfort as compared to other method.
4) Faster Healing.
5) Return to normal routine easily.
6) Body to scalp hair transplant can be done using this method.
Results after Hair Transplant
As far the results are concerned, the natural look is assured using this method of hair transplant if performed correctly and by the experts. Normally, the result cycle will be of ~12 months. Also the transplanted hair does not need any additional care except the routine hair care. The result will stay for life-long and that is the reason it is considered to be as the one-time worthy investment for fighting baldness.